AL-ADWA 45:31117Abstracts of All ArticlesAbstracts of Urdu Articles:Islamic Legal Maxims in al-Tafseerat al-Ahmdiah and TheirSignificance.Tayyba IlyasFarooq HaiderThe Holy Quran is the basic original and fundamental source of IslamicShariah. The tradition of interpretation and explanation of Holy Quran,inference and deduction of various issues is still alive which were initiatedat Prophet's Era. Amongst the methods of interpretation, very important oneis juridical and Hukmi that deals with rules and regulations of juridicalissues. A renowned and leading intellectual of subcontinent Mulla Jevonwrote a Tafsir "Al-Tafsirat al-Ahmdiah" following these principles. Whilewriting Tafsir, He discussed Legal Maxims (Al-Qawaid Al-Fiqhiyyah)along side juridical principles and brought to limelight various issues ofShariah. He opted for various methods of jurisprudence while explainingdifferent issues. He explained the difference between Shafi and HanfiSchool of Thought preferring Hanfi School of thought with Legalarguments. In This research article nine legal maxims of IslamicJurisprudence are discussed which were used during writing Tafsir "AlTafsirat al-Ahmdiah"The Sources of “Ahsan ut Tafasir” and Its Methodological Treatment(A Critical Analysis)Memoona TabassumSyed Ahmad Hasan Dehlvi‟s (d.1919) Ahsan ut Tafasir is a significanttafsir which has been penned down in the start of 20th century. Itspeculiarity is to describe meaningful translation while construing andconsolidating with sayings of Prophet Muhammad and his followers. SyedDehlvi also takes the help of fundamental exegetical literature like IbnKasir, Ibn Jarir, Baghavi, Khazin and Suyuti‟s transmissions to constructthe meaning of Qur‟anic verses. In this way Ahsan ut Tafasir has become avaluable addition observing reliability and authenticity of sources as well inthe presentage. Another aspect of its uniqueness is the methodology andtreatment of sources in a wonderful style in giving crux of other sources in acomprehensive and composed description à In this article, a deep lookinto the sources and its methodological application has been taken tohighlight Syed Ahmad Hassan Dehlvi‟s significant contribution in therecent exegetical literature. The article also describes the examples andsome paradigms pertaining sound helping clues for further works in future.
AL-ADWA 45:31118Abstracts of All ArticlesA Comparative Study of Muwatta Imam Muhammad and MuwattaYahya Al Laithi Al MasmoudiMuhammad QasimJunaid AkbarMuwatta Imam Malik descended from 2 nd century (A.H.) as the mostauthentic and comprehensive book of Hadith till date. It‟s authenticity ofnarration, grandeur, breadth and depth owes a huge deal to the toweringcharacter of Imam Malik ibn Anas who toiled 40 years to research,compile and teach Hadith & Fiqah. Muwatta Imam Muhammad andMuwatta Yahya Al Laithi Al Masmoudi are two most popular andrecognized versions of the book of „Muwatta‟. Muwatta ImamMuhammad was authored by Imam Muhammad Bin Hasan Shaybani(132-189 AH) who was an exponent of Hanafi School of Thought. Hisversion becomes widely popular in The East and amongst followers ofHanafi School of Thought. Muwatta Yahya or more commonly known asMuwatta Imam Malik, on the other hand, was compiled by Yahya AlLaithi that gained more popularity in The West especially Spain byfollowers of Maliki School of Thought. Despite narrating the samesource and their teacher Imam Malik ibn Anas; Muwatta ImamMuhammad and Muwatta Imam Malik differ in their approach, literarystyle and characteristics. Comparatively, both versions bear severaldiscrepancies in narratives, authentication criteria and more importantlythe critical approach of the authors.This article is based on the studies and findings of the fundamentaldifferences of the both versions under question.Loving and Respectful Attitudes with the Nearest Relatives of Prophet(SAW)Asim NaeemAccording to Muslim theology Prophets are the most pious persons amongthe humans. Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) was most honored byAllah (s.t.) among them. The Sahaba )His companions, Disciples, Familymembers) ( )رضی ہللا عنہن , were also bestowed with great reverence andregard from the God. These persons were guided by the Holy Prophet(SAW) and they proved themselves the true followers and disciples. Theybecame the source and tool of the spread of Islam outside the Arabs in Eastand West. They were the true sample of the teachings of Islam. They havemany characteristics such as piety, purification, honesty, bravery, sincerity,adherence, steadfastness etc. They were the witness of the revelation ofQuran. The Muslims accept their testimony of the words and deeds of the
AL-ADWA 45:31119Abstracts of All ArticlesProphet Muhammad, the occasions on which the Quran was revealed andvarious important matters of Islamic history and practice. The testimony ofthe companions, as it was passed down through chains of trusted narrators(isnads), was the basis of the developing Islamic tradition. In this articletheir status and disposition have been discussed in the way that it is thebasic requirement of the rights of the Holy Prophet (peace be on him) tohonor his disciples.The Theological discussions Around the Ascension of The Holy Prophet(SAW) (In The Light of Selective Urdu Tafseer Literature)Hafiz Abdul Basit khanHafiz Abdul RasheedThe ascension of the holy Prophet (SAW) seems to be his greatest miracleafter Quran .This holy journey had always been a matter of theologicaldiscussion among Muslim scholars and orientalists. The Seerah writers haveprovided all details of this night journey. A consenses seems to bedeveloped on this matter that it was a physical journey rather than a spiritualone. In Urdu tafseer literature, we find the commentators have providedsolid arguments to prove this journey a physical one .They have also refutedthose arguments which are presented against this opinion-cum-belief.Another theological matter which is related to meeting of the Holy Prophet(SAW) either to his Creator or His messenger Jibrael has also been properlycited in this rich literature.The Classification of injunctions and Deeds of the Holy Prophet (SAW)and its Legal Status(A Study of Jurists and Usu‟liyyin‟s Views)Hafiz Muhammad NaeemThe commands and deeds of the Holy Prophet (SAW) have been dividedinto different types by the Usu'liyyin and the Jurists. According to themdifferent actions, commands and deeds of the Holy Prophet have differentlegal status. Some of his actions are innate out of legal status. There aresome matters which are merely related to him. Some decisions made as thehead of the state were confined to the state of Madinah only. Some disputesresolved by him as a judge were restricted particularly between two parties.He issued some orders as the commander of army which might not begeneralized. These are the few positions of the Holy prophet (SAW) aboutwhich jurists differ with each other and have different opinions.Nevertheless, most of his commands pertain to preaching and mission likesystem of believes, morality, worship, lawfulness of things (Halal &Haram).These must be acted upon. Keeping in view various positions of his
AL-ADWA 45:31120Abstracts of All Articlespersonality, some of his decisions would be declared as Mubah, some asSunnah, some as Wajib, some other Amr or Nahi according to thesescholars. In this article views and opinions of usu‟liyyin and Jurists aboutthe legal status of different positions of Holy Prophet (SAW) have beenanalyzed.Shariah Status of Blasphemy of Madinah City and its VicinitiesUsman AhmadAllah almighty has implanted the emotions of love in the human heart.These innate human emotions are the foundation of all associations andrelationships. The Quran not only commends these love sentiments for apeaceful and beautiful society but also declares them essential for a strongand eternal relation among Allah and His slaves. The Quran and Sunnah didnot approve the faith of those persons whose love to Allah and HolyProphet is not at utmost level as compare to all temporal relations. The loveof believers to Allah had been recognized by Allah and they have beenordered to visit some sacred places to show and express their love. Twocities namely Makkah and Madina are axis for Muslims to express theiraffection to Allah and The Prophet. These two cities are source ofinspiration for Muslims. A handsome Islamic literature has been producedon decorum and etiquettes to visit these cities. No doubt the Quran andSunnah have also given specific commandments regarding the respectfulnessof Makkah and Madinah. The article deals with juristic opinions aboutblasphemy of Madina and associated things to it. The act of profanity hasbeen defined and then it application to certain deeds and acts has beendiscussed.The Paradigmatic Approach of Imam Shafi in Islamic JurisprudenceMuhammad IjazMuhammad AbdullahBasically Imam Shaf‟i (RA) is a jurist and his juristic sense is evidentlyreflected in his compilations. However, despite this fact, he was a greatscholastic philosopher also and he had compilations in this branch ofknowledge also, but deducing (Islamic legal commands, his method ofjurisprudence had been that of Muslim jurists. The order of hisargumentation during deducing Injunctions was that firstly he placed theBook of God and Sunnah of His Prophet (SAW), and then comes consensusof Muslim opinion, after that is the sayings of such Companion of the HolyProphet (SAW) that is not opposed by some other Companion. Then is thesayings of a Companion that is opposed by other Companion. The fifth isthe rank of Conjecture. It shows that Imam Shaf‟i bases his argumentation
AL-ADWA 45:31121Abstracts of All Articleson the four basic sources of Islamic Shari‟ah that has also been the methodadopted in the compilations of the Muslim jurists. This view has becomevery common that then method of deducing religious command of ImamShaf‟i was similar to the method of Shafiyah scholastic philosophers. Themethodological approach of Imam Shafi (RA) in Islamic jurisprudence isnearer to Hanafi school of thought. But the predecessors of Imam Shafi‟sapproach is different like Imam Juewaini, Imam Ghazali etc.Currency trade Issues in the Light of Physical PossessionMuhammad MaazIt is very clear concept in Islamic Shariah that after agreement thepurchased thing cannot be sold to another person before possession. Butnormally, it is not compulsory to get possession of purchased thing on thespot. In other words, we can say that the sale & purchase contract will beconsidered as complete and valid even without possession. But this is clearthat this possession is not applicable for bai-al-sarf ) (بیع الصرف . As far assarf is concerned, possession of sold thing is mandatory from both parties insale/purchase meeting. If possession of sold thing is not made in thesale/purchase meeting then this sale/purchase affair is considered to be ascancelled. Therefore, the trade of currency has become lottery system. Nowif currency trade is considered as sarf, then it will be mandatory for bothparties to get possession in sale/purchase meeting. And if it is not sarf underthe Fiqh, then will currency affairs be treated as other trade affairs? Or afternot being sarf, currency trade affairs will have difference in possession likeother trade affairs? This article has the aim to look into detail of currencysale/purchase so that the typical issues in increasing currency trade could bebounded under the shariah ruling.Quranic Homonyms and its Impact on Varient Meanings of theQuranic VersesMuhammad AwaisThe multiple meanings of the Holy Quran is one of the important genres ofthe quanic science. The word “wujuh” is used in different meanings. Inother word, various shades of the word could be consider as “wujuh”.Thereare various words in thw Holy Quran which gives different meanings atdifferent paints e.g the word ’’ ‘‘صلوۃ grammatically means “a prayer” but inthe Holy Quran it might refer to different meangs like the prayers, specialprostration, blessings, creed, the funeral prayers etc. It means there is somecapacity of having some other words such types which refer to such varietyof exegesis. In this article, some examples of exegetic variety due to thewujuh e Qurani are given which are specially aimed to signify that aspects
AL-ADWA 45:31122Abstracts of All Articlesof the miracle of the Holy Quran which are generally ignored by theMuslim scholars.Objections Raised by Qrientalists on Hadith and their Contradictions(An Analytical Study)Ihsan ul Rehman GouriReyaz MahmoodOrientalism is more a movement than an academic clique. Twentiethcentury has seen number of western scholars pursing a deliberate study ofIslam, more specifically of Quran and Hadith (traditions of the ProphetMuhammad (SAW). Their studies can be categorized in four groups: earlyckeptics, reaction against sceptics, moderates, and Neo sceptics. To oursurprise, there are certain discrepancies and short comings in the thoughtsof orientalists who have their focus on Hadith studies. This article is aninitial attempt in order to identify the major inconsistencies and objectionsput forth by these orientalists while presenting their arbitrary learningoutcomes on Hadith literature.Women Study Circles of the Quran Teachings Methods and IssuesAsia ShabbirSalma MahmoodTahira Abdul QuddusWomen are half of our population and anchors of our families. Along withfamily responsibilities, they are engaged in education, social work and otherprofessions. Islamic History is unique in a way that Muslim women alwayshad access to education with few exceptions. From the time of the Prophetwomen realized that seeking knowledge was as obligatory on them as it wasfor men. The Prophet Peace be Upon Him dedicated a specific day forwomen's education and encouraged them to ask questions. This practice hadlong lasting positive affect on women's participation in learning andteaching.This article analyzes this stud