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PATTERNJURY INSTRUCTIONS(Criminal Cases)Prepared by the Committee on Pattern Jury InstructionsDistrict Judges Association Fifth Circuit2019 Edition1

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IntroductionThe 2019 edition of the Pattern Jury Instructions (Criminal) continues a project initiatedby the Fifth Circuit District Judges Association in 1978. It reflects a collaborative effort of judgesappointed successively by the Association to provide jury instructions accurately reflective of thecriminal law and useable by our judges and practitioners in the trial of criminal cases before juriesin this circuit. Since the 2015 edition, there has been a change in the type of cases being heard bythe trial judges in this Circuit. Accordingly, the Committee has added over 26 new instructionsranging from Marriage Fraud to Stalking/Cyber Stalking to Providing Material Support andResources to a Terrorist to Interference with Flight Crew Members and Attendants.The Note sections have been amended in many of the proposed instructions to reflect casesthat have been decided since publication of the 2015 edition. Our research is current through June29, 2019.In preparing an instruction, the Committee begins where you begin, that is, with anexamination of the statute and United States Supreme Court opinions, and opinions from the FifthCircuit, interpreting the statute. Committee members submit proposed instructions, then theeditorial subcommittee meets to review any proposed changes.While these pattern charges do not presume to be a legal treatise, the Committee hasattempted to make accurate statements of the law.These pattern charges should be used for what they are an aid to guide you instructing thejury on each individual case. Notes are added to identify issues, offer explanations, or provide legalauthority.Please note that some of the Instruction numbers have been changed since the last edition.The Committee was able to re-enlist the excellent services of Professor Susan R. Klein.We thank Dean Ward Farnsworth from the University of Texas School of Law for sharing her andher assistant, Nicholas Charlesworth. We acknowledge the special efforts of many of our clerksand office staff whose work has been significant.Our predecessors’ work is the foundation of our efforts. They deserve our continuedthanks.Xavier RodriguezChairDistrict Judge, W.D. TexasProfessor Susan R. KleinReporterUniv. of Texas Law SchoolJane BoyleDistrict Judge, N.D. TexasMarina Garcia MarmolejoDistrict Judge, S.D. TexasHenry J. BemporadMagistrate Judge, W.D. TexasFrank MontalvoDistrict Judge, W.D. TexasMarcia A. CroneDistrict Judge, E.D. TexasSusie MorganDistrict Judge, E.D. La.0

David GodbeyDistrict Judge, N.D. TexasAlia MosesDistrict Judge, W.D. TexasAndrew S. HanenDistrict Judge, S.D. TexasFernando RodriguezDistrict Judge, S.D. TexasMichael HermanSupv. Asst. Public Defender, S.D. TexasGreg SurovicAsst. U.S. Attorney, W.D Texas1

Pattern Jury Charge: 2015 to 2019 Conversion ChartI.General and Preliminary Instructions2015 Version2019 Version1.01Preliminary Instructions1.01Preliminary Instructions1.02Notetaking by Jurors1.02Note Taking by Jurors (OptionalAddition to Preliminary Instruction)1.03Introduction to Final Instructions1.03Introduction to Final Instructions1.04Duty to Follow Instructions1.04Duty to Follow Instructions1.05Presumption of Innocence, Burdenof Proof, Reasonable Doubt1.05Presumption of Innocence, Burdenof Proof, Reasonable Doubt1.06Evidence – Excluding What is NotEvidence1.06Evidence – Excluding What is NotEvidence1.07Special Maritime and TerritorialJurisdiction of the United States –Defined---1.07Evidence – Inferences –Direct andCircumstantial1.08Evidence – Inferences – Direct andCircumstantial1.08Credibility of Witnesses1.09Credibility of Witnesses1.09Character Evidence1.10Character Evidence1.10Impeachment by PriorInconsistencies1.11Impeachment by PriorInconsistencies1.11Impeachment by Prior Conviction(Defendant’s Testimony)1.12Impeachment by Prior Conviction(Defendant’s Testimony)1.12Impeachment by Prior Conviction(Witness Other Than Defendant)1.13Impeachment by Prior Conviction(Witness Other Than Defendant)1.13Impeachment by Evidence ofUntruthful Character1.14Impeachment by Evidence ofUntruthful Character2

2015 Version2019 Version1.14Accomplice – Informer – Immunity1.15Accomplice – Informer – Immunity1.15Accomplice – Co-Defendant – PleaAgreement1.16Accomplice – Co-Defendant – PleaAgreement1.16Witness’s Use of Addictive Drugs1.17Witness’s Use of Addictive Drugs1.17Expert Opinion Testimony1.18Expert Opinion of Testimony1.18On or About1.19On or About1.18AVenue – Conspiracy1.20Venue – Conspiracy1.19Caution – Consider Only CrimeCharged1.21Caution – Consider Only CrimeCharged1.20Caution – Punishment1.22Caution – Punishment1.21Single Defendant – Multiple Counts1.23Single Defendant – Multiple Counts1.22Multiple Defendants – Single Count1.24Multiple Defendants – Single Count1.23Multiple Defendants – MultipleCounts1.25Multiple Defendants – MultipleCounts1.24Duty to Deliberate1.26Duty to Deliberate1.25Unanimity of Theory1.27Unanimity of Theory1.26Confession – Statement –Voluntariness (Single Defendant)1.28Confession – Statement –Voluntariness (Single Defendant)1.27Confession – Statement –Voluntariness (Multiple Defendants)1.29Confession – Statement –Voluntariness (Multiple ication Testimony1.31Identification Testimony1.30Similar Acts1.32Similar empt3

2015 Version2019 Version1.33Lesser Included Offense1.35Lesser Included .36Justification, Duress, or Coercion1.38Justification, Duress, or Coercion1.36ASelf-Defense – Defense of ThirdPerson1.39Self-Defense – Defense of ThirdPerson1.40Materiality--1.37“Knowingly” – To Act1.41“Knowingly” – To Act1.37ADeliberate Ignorance1.42Deliberate Ignorance1.38“Willfully” – To Act1.43“Willfully” – To Act1.39Interstate Commerce1.44Interstate Commerce – Defined1.40Foreign Commerce – Defined1.45Foreign Commerce – Defined1.41Commerce – Defined1.46Commerce – Defined1.47“Affecting Commerce” – Defined--1.42Cautionary Instruction During Trial– Transcript of Tape-RecordedConversation1.48Cautionary Instruction During Trial– Transcript of Tape-RecordedConversation1.42ATranscript of Foreign Language –Tape Recorded Conversation1.49Transcript of Foreign Language –Tape Recorded Conversation1.43Summaries and Charts not Receivedin Evidence1.50Summaries and Charts Not Receivedin Evidence1.44Summaries and Charts Received inEvidence1.51Summaries and Charts Received inEvidence Pursuant to Federal Ruleof Evidence 10061.52Summary Witness Testimony andCharts Based on Other Evidence1.53Modified “Allen” Charge--1.45Modified “Allen” Charge4

II.Substantive Offense Instructions2015 Version2019 Version2.01A8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(i) –Bringing Aliens into the UnitedStates2.01ABringing Aliens to the United States8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(i)2.01B8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(ii) –Transporting Aliens into or Withinthe United States2.01BTransporting Aliens Within theUnited States 8 U.S.C. §1324(a)(1)(A)(ii)2.01C8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iii) –Concealing or Harboring Aliens2.01CConcealing or Harboring Aliens8 U.S.C. § 1324(a)(1)(A)(iii)2.02A8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(1) – Illegal Entry2.02AIllegal Entry 8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(1)2.02B8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(2) – EludingExamination or Inspection2.02BEluding Examination or Inspection 8U.S.C. § 1325(a)(2)2.02C8 U.S.C. § 1325(a)(3) – Illegal Entryby False or MisleadingRepresentation2.02CIllegal Entry by False or MisleadingRepresentation 8 U.S.C. §1325(a)(3)2.02DMarriage Fraud 8 U.S.C. § 1325(c)2.03Illegal Reentry FollowingDeportation 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a)--2.038 U.S.C. § 1326(a) – Illegal ReentryFollowing Deportation2.0418 U.S.C. § 2 – Aiding and Abetting 2.04(Agency)Aiding and Abetting (Agency)18 U.S.C. § 22.0518 U.S.C. § 3 – Accessory After theFact2.05Accessory After the Fact18 U.S.C. § 32.0618 U.S.C. § 4 – Misprision of aFelony2.06Misprision of a Felony 18 U.S.C. § 42.0718 U.S.C. § 111 – Assaulting aFederal Officer2.07Forcibly Assaulting a FederalOfficer 18 U.S.C. § 111(a)(1) and(b)5

2015 Version2019 Version2.08A18 U.S.C. § 152 (First Paragraph) –Bankruptcy: Concealment of Assets(Bankruptcy Proceeding Pending)2.08ABankruptcy: Concealment of Assets(Bankruptcy Proceeding Pending)18 U.S.C. § 152 (First Paragraph)2.08B18 U.S.C. § 152 (Fourth Paragraph)– Bankruptcy: Presenting or Using aFalse Claim (BankruptcyProceeding Pending)2.08BBankruptcy: Presenting or Using aFalse Claim (Bankruptcy ProceedingPending) 18 U.S.C. § 152 (FourthParagraph)2.09A18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(1) – Bribing aPublic Official2.09ABribing a Public Official/Juror18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(1)2.09B18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(2) – ReceivingBribe by a Public Official2.09BReceiving Bribe by a PublicOfficial/Juror 18 U.S.C. § 201(b)(2)2.09C18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(A)Illegal Gratuity to a Public Official2.09CIllegal Gratuity to a Public Official18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(A)2.09D18 U.S.C. § 201(c)(1)(B) –Receiving Illegal Gratuity by aPublic Official2.09DReceiving Illegal Gratuity by aPublic Official 18 U.S.C. §201(c)(1)(B)2.1018 U.S.C. § 215(a)(1) – Bribery orReward of a Bank Officer2.10Bribery or Reward of a Bank Officer18 U.S.C. § 215(a)(1)2.1118 U.S.C. § 241 – Conspiracy toDeprive Person of Civil Rights2.11Conspiracy to Deprive Person ofCivil Rights 18 U.S.C. § 2412.1218 U.S.C. § 242 – Deprivation ofCivil Rights2.12Deprivation of Civil Rights18 U.S.C. § 2422.1318 U.S.C. § 286 – Conspiracy toDefraud the Government withRespect to Claims2.13Conspiracy to Defraud theGovernment with Respect to Claims18 U.S.C. § 2862.1418 U.S.C. § 287 – False ClaimsAgainst the Government2.14False Claims Against theGovernment 18 U.S.C. § 2872.15A18 U.S.C. § 371 – Conspiracy toCommit Offense2.15AConspiracy to Commit Offense18 U.S.C. § 3712.15B18 U.S.C. § 371 (Second Clause) –Conspiracy to Defraud2.15BConspiracy to Defraud 18 U.S.C. §371 (Second Clause)2.16Multiple Conspiracies2.16Multiple Conspiracies2.17Conspirator’s Liability forSubstantive Count2.17Conspirator’s Liability forSubstantive Count2.18Conspiracy – Withdrawal2.18Conspiracy—Withdrawal6

2015 Version2019 Version2.1918 U.S.C. § 471 – Counterfeiting2.19Counterfeiting 18 U.S.C. § 4712.2018 U.S.C. § 472 – PassingCounterfeit Securities or Obligations2.20Passing Counterfeit Securities orObligations 18 U.S.C. § 4722.21A18 U.S.C. § 495 (First Paragraph) –Forgery Against the United States2.21AForgery Against the United States 18U.S.C. § 495 (First Paragraph)2.21B18 U.S.C. § 495 (Second Paragraph)– Uttering a Forged Writing toDefraud the United States2.21BUttering a Forged Writing toDefraud the United States18 U.S.C. § 495 (Second Paragraph)2.22A18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(1) – ForgingEndorsement on a Treasury Check,Bond, or Security of the UnitedStates2.22AForging Endorsement on a TreasuryCheck, Bond, or Security of theUnited States 18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(1)2.22B18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(2) – Uttering aForged Treasury Check, Bond, orSecurity of the United States2.22BUttering a Forged Treasury Check,Bond, or Security of the UnitedStates 18 U.S.C. § 510(a)(2)2.23A18 U.S.C. § 513(a) – Securities ofthe States and Private Entities2.23ASecurities of the States and PrivateEntities 18 U.S.C. § 513(a)2.23B18 U.S.C. § 513(b) – Securities ofthe States and Private Entities2.23BSecurities of the States and PrivateEntities 18 U.S.C. § 513(b)2.24A18 U.S.C § 545 – Smuggling2.24ASmuggling 18 U.S.C. § 5452.24B18 U.S.C. § 545 (Second Paragraph)– Illegal Importation of Merchandise2.24BIllegal Importation of Merchandise18 U.S.C. § 545 (Second Paragraph)2.2518 U.S.C. § 553(a)(1) (FirstParagraph) – Exportation of StolenVehicles2.25Exportation of Stolen Vehicles 18U.S.C. § 553(a)(1) (First Paragraph)2.2618 U.S.C. § 554 – Smuggling Goodsfrom the United States2.26Smuggling Goods from the UnitedStates 18 U.S.C. § 5542.2718 U.S.C. § 641 (First Paragraph) –Theft of Government Money orProperty2.27Theft of Government Money orProperty 18 U.S.C. § 641 (FirstParagraph)2.2818 U.S.C. § 656 – Theft orEmbezzlement by Bank Officer orEmployee2.28Theft or Embezzlement by BankOfficer or Employee 18 U.S.C. §6562.2918 U.S.C. § 657 – Theft fromLending, Credit, and InsuranceInstitutions2.29Theft from Lending, Credit, andInsurance Institutions 18 U.S.C. §6577

2015 Version2019 Version2.30A18 U.S.C. § 659 (First Paragraph) –Theft from Interstate Shipment2.30ATheft from Interstate Shipment18 U.S.C. § 659 (First Paragraph)2.30B18 U.S.C. § 659 (Second Paragraph)– Buying or Receiving Goods Stolenfrom Interstate Shipment2.30BBuying or Receiving Goods Stolenfrom Interstate Shipment 18 U.S.C.§ 659 (Second Paragraph)2.3118 U.S.C. § 661 – Theft WithinSpecial Maritime and TerritorialJurisdiction2.31Theft Within Special Maritime andTerritorial Jurisdiction 18 U.S.C. §6612.3218 U.S.C. § 664 – Theft orEmbezzlement from EmployeeBenefit Plan2.32Theft or Embezzlement fromEmployee Benefit Plan 18 U.S.C. §6642.33A18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(A) – TheftConcerning Programs ReceivingFederal Funds2.33ATheft Concerning ProgramsReceiving Federal Funds 18 U.S.C.§ 666(a)(1)(A)2.33B18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(B) – BriberyConcerning Programs ReceivingFederal Funds (Soliciting a Bribe)2.33BBribery Concerning ProgramsReceiving Federal Funds (Solicitinga Bribe) 18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(1)(B)2.33C18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(2) – BriberyConcerning Programs ReceivingFederal Funds (Offering a Bribe)2.33CBribery Concerning ProgramsReceiving Federal Funds (Offering aBribe) 18 U.S.C. § 666(a)(2)2.3418 U.S.C. § 751(a) – Escape2.34Escape 18 U.S.C. § 751(a)2.3518 U.S.C. § 752(a) – Aiding Escape2.35Aiding Escape 18 U.S.C. § 752(a)2.36A18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(1) – Dealing in2.36AExplosive Materials Without LicenseDealing in Explosive MaterialsWithout License 18 U.S.C. §842(a)(1)2.36B18 U.S.C. § 842(a)(2) – FalseStatements in Connection withExplosive Materials2.36BFalse Statements in Connection withExplosive Materials 18 U.S.C. §842(a)(2)2.36C18 U.S.C. § 842(d) – UnlawfulDi