TheDigitalPhotographyThe step-by-step secrets for how tomake your photos look like the pros’!BookScott Kelby

The Digital Photography Book, part 1The Digital PhotographyBook, part 1 TeamPUBLISHED BYCREATIVE DIRECTORFelix Nelson 2013 Scott KelbyART DIRECTORJessica MaldonadoTECHNICAL EDITORSKim DotyCindy SnyderEDITORIAL CONSULTANTBill FortneyPRODUCTION MANAGERDave DamstraPHOTOGRAPHYScott KelbySTUDIO ANDPRODUCTION SHOTSBrad MoorePeachpit PressAll rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced ortransmitted in any form, by any means, electronic or mechanical,including photocopying, recording, or by any information storageand retrieval system, without written permission from the publisher,except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review.Composed in Myriad Pro (Adobe Systems Incorporated) and LCD(Esselte) by Kelby Media Group Inc.TrademarksAll terms mentioned in this book that are known to be trademarksor service marks have been appropriately capitalized. Peachpit Presscannot attest to the accuracy of this infor mation. Use of a term inthe book should not be regarded as affecting the validity of anytrademark or service mark.Photoshop, Elements, and Lightroom are registered trademarksof Adobe Systems, Inc.Nikon is a registered trademark of Nikon Corporation.Canon is a registered trademark of Canon Inc.Sony is a registered trademark of Sony Corporation.Warning and DisclaimerThis book is designed to provide information about digital photog raphy. Every effort has been made to make this book as completeand as accurate as possible, but no warranty of fitness is implied.The information is provided on an as-is basis. The author andPeachpit Press shall have neither the liability nor responsibilityto any person or entity with respect to any loss or damagesarising from the information contained in this book or from theuse of the discs or programs that may accompany it.ISBN 13: 978-0-321-93494-9ISBN 10: 0-321-93494-615 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1Printed and bound in the United States of

Dedicated to the amazingDr. Stephanie Van Zandtfor her excellent advice, for takingsuch good care of my wife, andfor delivering the sweetestlittle baby girl in the whole world.

The Digital Photography Book, Part 1AcknowledgmentsAlthough only one name appears on the spine of this book, it takes a team of dedicated andtalented people to pull a project like this together. I’m not only delighted to be workingwith them, but I also get the honor and privilege of thanking them here.I’ve written more than 50 books, and in each book I write, I always start by thanking my amazing,wonderful, beautiful, hilarious, and absolutely brilliant wife Kalebra. She probably stopped reading theseacknowledgments 30 or more books ago because I keep gushing on and on about her, and despitehow amazingly beautiful, charming, and captivating she is, she’s a very humble person (which makesher even more beautiful). And even though I know she probably won’t read this, I just have to thank heranyway because not only could I not do any of this without her, I simply wouldn’t want to. She’s just “it.”It’s her voice, her touch, her smile, her heart, her generosity, her compassion, her sense of humor, andthe way she sneaks around behind the scenes trying to make sure my life is that much better, that muchmore fun, and that much more fulfilling—you just have to adore someone like that. She is the typeof woman love songs are written for, and as any of my friends will gladly attest, I am, without a doubt,the luckiest man alive to have her as my wife. I love you madly, sweetheart!I also want to thank my crazy, fun-filled, wonderful 16-year-old son Jordan. He won’t read this either,because as he says, “It embarrasses him.” And since I know he won’t read it (or even let me read it to him),I can safely gush about him, too. Dude, you rock! You are just about the coolest son any dad could askfor—you dig Bon Jovi, you’re always up for a game of Black Ops, you play drums (just like your dad), youlove to go to the movies with me, and you get as excited about life as I do. You are nothing but a joy,and I’m so thrilled to be your dad (plus, you’re such a great big brother to your little sister). I am very, veryproud of you little pal (which is a relative term, since you’re 6'1" now).I also want to thank my beautiful, hilarious daughter Kira, who is the best-natured, happiest little girlin the whole wide world. You’re only seven years old, and you’ve already been reflecting your mom’ssweet nature, her beautiful smile, and her loving heart for many years now. You’re too young to reallyknow what an amazing mother you have, but before long, just like your brother, you’ll realize thatyour mom is someone very special, and that thanks to her you’re in for a really fun, exciting, hug- andadventure-filled life.Also, thanks to my big brother, Jeff. Brothers don’t get much better than you, and that’s why Dadwas always so proud of you. You are truly one of the “good guys” and I’m very, very lucky to have youin my life.My personal thanks to my friend and fellow photographer Brad Moore, who shot most of the productshots for this edition of the book and worked as first assistant on many of the shots I took throughoutthe book. You’re absolutely invaluable and an awful lot of fun.Special thanks to my home team at Kelby Media Group. I love working with you guys and you makecoming into work an awful lot of fun for me. I’m so proud of what you all do—how you come togetherto hit our sometimes impossible deadlines, and as always, you do it with class, poise, and a can-doattitude that is truly inspiring. I’m honored to be working with you all.[ iv ]

The Digital Photography Book, Part 1Thanks to my Editor Kim Doty, who is just the greatest editor ever, and I couldn’t imagine doing thesebooks without her. Also, thanks to Jessica Maldonado (my awesome book designer and our newestco-host on Photoshop User TV) for giving the book such a tight, clean layout, and for all the clever littlethings she adds that make the book that much better. Thanks to my in-house Tech Editor Cindy Snyder,who puts everything through rigorous testing and tries to stop me from slipping any of my famoustypos past the goalie.Thanks to my best buddy Dave Moser, whose tireless dedication to creating a quality product makesevery project we do better than the last. Thanks to Jean A. Kendra for her steadfast support, and an extraspecial thanks to my Executive Assistant Susan Hageanon for keeping everything running smoothly whileI’m out traveling and writing books (and for making sure I actually have the time I need to write books inthe first place).Thanks to my publisher Nancy Aldrich-Ruenzel, my way cool Editor and friend Ted Waitt (BT), marketingmaverick Scott Cowlin, and marketing gunslinger Sara Jane Todd, along with the incredibly dedicated teamat Peachpit Press. It’s a real honor to get to work with people who really just want to make great books.Also, thanks to the folks at for enabling me to use some of their wonderful photographyin this book when I didn’t have the right image to illustrate my point.I owe a special debt of gratitude to my good friend Bill Fortney for helping tech edit the first editionof this book, and it’s infinitely better because of his comments, ideas, and input. Bill is just an amazingindividual, a world-class photographer, a testament to how to live one’s life, and I’m truly honored to havegotten the chance to work with someone of his caliber, integrity, and faith.My sincere and heartfelt thanks to all the talented and gifted photographers who’ve taught me somuch over the years, including Moose Peterson, Vincent Versace, Bill Fortney, David Ziser, Jim DiVitale,Helene Glassman, Joe McNally, Anne Cahill, George Lepp, Cliff Mautner, Kevin Ames, David Tejada, FrankDoorhof, Eddie Tapp, Jack Reznicki, and Jay Maisel. Thank you for sharing your passion, ideas, and techniques with me and my students.Thanks to my mentors whose wisdom and whip-cracking have helped me immeasurably, includingJohn Graden, Jack Lee, Dave Gales, Judy Farmer, and Douglas Poole.Most importantly, I want to thank God, and His Son Jesus Christ, for leading me to the woman of mydreams, for blessing us with such amazing children, for allowing me to make a living doing somethingI truly love, for always being there when I need Him, for blessing me with a wonderful, fulfilling, andhappy life, and such a warm, loving family to share it with.[v]

The Digital Photography Book, Part 1Other Books by Scott KelbyThe Digital Photography Book, parts 2, 3 & 4Professional Portrait Retouching Techniques for Photographers Using PhotoshopLight It, Shoot It, Retouch It: Learn Step by Step How to Go from Empty Studioto Finished ImageThe Adobe Photoshop Lightroom Book for Digital PhotographersThe Adobe Photoshop Book for Digital PhotographersThe Photoshop Elements Book for Digital PhotographersIt’s a Jesus Thing: The Book for Wanna Be-lieversThe iPhone Book[ vi ]

The Digital Photography Book, Part 1About the AuthorScott is Editor, Publisher, and co-founder of PhotoshopUser magazine, is Publisher of Light It! digital magazine, andis co-host of the weekly videocasts The Grid (a photography talk show) and Photoshop User TV.He is President of the National Association of Photo shopProfessionals (NAPP), the trade association for Adobe Photo shop users, and he’s President of the software training, education, and publishing firm Kelby Media Group.Scott is a photographer, designer, and an awardwinning author of more than 50 books, including TheDigital Photog raphy Book, parts 1, 2, 3, & 4, The AdobePhotoshop Book for Digital Photographers, ProfessionalPortrait Retouching Techniques for Photographers UsingPhotoshop, The Adobe Photoshop Lightroom Book forDigital Photographers, Light It, Shoot It, Retouch It: LearnStep by Step How to Go from Empty Studio to FinishedImage, and The iPhone Book.For the past three years, Scott has been honored withthe distinction of being the world’s #1 best-selling authorof books on photography. His books have been translatedinto dozens of different languages, including Chinese,Russian, Spanish, Korean, Polish, Taiwanese, French,German, Italian, Japanese, Dutch, Swedish, Turkish,and Portuguese, among others.Scott is Training Director for the Adobe PhotoshopSeminar Tour, and Conference Technical Chair for the Photo shop World Conference & Expo. He’s featured in a seriesof training DVDs and online courses, and has been trainingphotographers and Adobe Photoshop users since 1993.He is also the founder of Scott Kelby’s Annual WorldwidePhotowalk, the largest global social event for photographers, which brings tens of thousands of photographerstogether on one day each year to shoot in over a thousandcities worldwide.For more information on Scott, visit him at:His daily blog: www.scottkelby.comTwitter: :[ vii ]

CONTENTSThe Digital Photography Book, Part 1CHAPTER ONEPro Tips for Getting Really Sharp Photos1If Your Photos Aren’t Sharp, the Rest Doesn’t MatterThe Real Secret to Getting Sharp PhotosThe Other Most Important SecretPerhaps Even More Important Than That!If You Skip This, Throw Away Your CameraIf You Do This Wrong, It Will Lock UpIt’s Time to Get SeriousGetting “Tack Sharp” Starts with a TripodA Ballhead Will Make Your Life EasierDon’t Press the Shutter (Use a Cable Release)Forgot Your Cable Release? Use a Self TimerGetting Super Sharp: Mirror Lock-UpTurn Off Vibration Reduction (or IS)Shoot at Your Lens’ Sharpest ApertureGood Glass Makes a Big DifferenceAvoid Increasing Your ISO on a TripodZoom In to Check SharpnessSharpening After the Fact in PhotoshopDid You Resize That for the Web? Then Resharpen!Hand-Held Sharpness TrickGetting Steadier Hand-Held ShotsCHAPTER TWOShooting Flowers Like a Pro2345678910111213141516171819202123There’s More to It Than You’d ThinkDon’t Shoot Down on FlowersShooting Flowers with a Zoom LensUse a Macro Lens to Get Really CloseCan’t Afford a Macro? How ’bout a Close-Up?When to Shoot FlowersDon’t Wait for Rain—Fake it!Flowers on a Black BackgroundFlowers on a White BackgroundThe Perfect Light for Indoor Flower ShotsWhere to Get Great Flowers to ShootStopping the WindConsider Just Showing One Part[ viii ]242526272829303132333435

The Digital Photography Book, Part 1CHAPTER THREE37Shooting Weddings Like a ProThere Is No Retaking Wedding Photos.It Has Got to Be Right the First Time!Tricks for Low-Light Shooting in a Church, Part 1Tricks for Low-Light Shooting in a Church, Part 2Do You Really Need the f/1.4 Lens?Getting Soft, Diffused Light with Flash, Part 1Getting Soft, Diffused Light with Flash, Part 2Use Your Flash at Outdoor WeddingsFinding That Perfect Bridal LightDon’t Spend Too Much Time On the FormalsFormals: Who to Shoot FirstFormals: Build Off the Bride and GroomHow to Pose the Bride with Other PeopleThe Trick to Keeping Them from BlinkingFormals: Where to AimFormals: How High to Position Your CameraFormals: Don’t Cut Off JointsFormals: The Trick to Great BackgroundsReception Photos: Making Them DanceYour Main Job: Follow the BrideShooting the Details (& Which Ones to Shoot)Change Your Vantage Point to Add InterestWhat to Shoot with a Wide-Angle LensKeep Backup Memory Cards on YouBack Up Your Photos OnsiteIf Shooting JPEGs, Use a Preset White BalanceCHAPTER 6163Shooting Landscapes Like a ProPro Tips for Capturing the Wonder of NatureThe Golden Rule of Landscape PhotographyBecome Married to Your TripodShoot in Aperture Priority ModeComposing Great LandscapesThe Trick to Shooting WaterfallsA Tip for Shooting ForestsWhere to Put the Horizon LineGetting More Interesting Mountain Shots[ ix ]6465666768697071CONTENTS

CONTENTSThe Digital Photography Book, Part 1The Trick for Warmer Sunrises