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REPORTSEURDirectorate Generalfor Energy and ClimateClimate and EnergyEfficiency ServiceEnergy efficiency action plan forFrance - 2014Pursuant to article 24 of Directive 2012/27/EU of theEuropean Parliament and of the Council of 25 October2012 on energy efficiencyMinistry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energywww.developpement-durable.gouv.frMinistry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy

Table of contentsI. SUMMARY . 8II. ENERGY EFFICIENCY ACTION PLAN FOR FRANCE . 91.Continual improvement of energy efficiency . 92. supported by an ambitious energy strategy . 102.1.2.2.3.A long-term vision . 10France’s commitments with regards to energy efficiency . 11Assessment of energy savings . 113.1.3.2.3.3.Estimation of energy consumption levels in 2020 . 11Assessment of energy savings pursuant to the ESD directive . 12Assessment of key measures . 16III. Policies and measures implemented by France . 181.The residential-tertiary sector . 181.1.Current situation. 181.2.Policies and measures . 191.2.1. Ambitious regulations for new buildings through support measures . 191.2.2. Improvement of the energy performance of existing buildings . 211.2.3. Renovation of the social housing park . 261.2.4. The fight against energy poverty. 281.2.5. Information, raising awareness, training . 291.2.6. Research and demonstration . 332.Transport sector . 362.1.Current situation. 362.2.Policies and measures . 372.2.1. Encourage low-emission means of transport. . 382.2.2. Improve the efficiency of the means of transport used . 412.2.3. Raising awareness and communication . 462.2.4. Studies and governance . 482.2.5. Research . 493.Industry sector . 513.1.Current situation. 513.2.Policies and measures . 523.2.1. The European Directive 2003/87/EC . 52National Energy Efficiency Action Plan - 20142

3.2.2.3.2.3.3.2.4.3.2.5.4.Agricultural sector . 594.1.4.2.5.Incentive measures . 53Regulatory measures . 54Support for standardisation . 55Supporting the development of more efficient technologies. 55Current situation. 59Policies and measures . 59The exemplary role of the State and territorial authorities . 625.1.The objectives of the exemplary State policy in France . 625.1.2. Strengthening of the territorialisation of climate and energy policies . 656.Management of energy requirements . 706.1.The Energy Saving Certification system . 706.2.Funding for high-performance equipment: regulatory measures for products.716.3.Development of energy efficiency services market . 726.3.1. Methodology . 726.3.2. Summary of results . 736.3.3. Factors encouraging and hindering the development of the French energyand energy efficiency services market. 766.4.Generation of own-consumed renewable energy. 786.5.Raising of awareness . 806.6.Metering and billing . 806.7.Development of smart grids . 826.8.Promotion of heating and cooling efficiency /Supporting cogeneration . 836.8.1. A complete assessment of the potential of applying cogeneration to highperformance and efficient heating and refrigeration networks. . 836.8.2. A cost-advantage analysis for the application of high performancecogeneration and efficient heating and refrigeration networks. . 836.8.3. Policies and measures for the development of high-performancecogeneration and efficient heating and refrigeration networks. . 836.9.Waste – Economic circular note . 846.10. Future investments . 866.11. Research and innovation . 886.12. Domestic Consumption Tax on Energy Products (TICPE- Taxe Intérieure deConsommation sur les Produits Energétiques) – Increase of rates according to CO2content . 89IV. ANNEXES . 911.Annex 1: Abbreviations and acronyms . 91National Energy Efficiency Action Plan - 20143

2.Annex 2: Annual report . 933.ANNEX 3: Assessment methods . 963.1.Air-energy-climate prospective scenarios: methodology used to forecast energyconsumption by 2020 . 96- International context . 96- Projected growth path for France . 96- Demographics . 96- Sectorial growth . 97- Energy prices . 97- Coal price . 97- dollar/euro exchange rate . 973.2.Bottom-up assessments. 983.2.1. 2012 Thermal Regulations: . 983.2.2. CIDD . 993.2.3. Interest-free eco loans . 1003.2.4. Eco-Social housing loans: Assessment of the renovation measure of socialhousing1023.2.5. Eco-tax. 1033.2.6. Improvement of the performance of new vehicles . 1043.2.7. Mobile engine test centres . 1053.2.8. Implementation of the Eco-design directive (lights) . 1063.2.9. Implementation of the Eco-design directive (televisions) . 1073.2.10.ESC . 1073.3.Top-down assessments. 1084.ANNEX 4: Implementation of article 7 of the directive 2012/27/EU . 1094.1.4.2.4.3.5.Expected energy savings for this period . 109Measures put in place to meet the requirements of article 7. . 109Contribution of the measures to the objective of the directive . 109ANNEX 5: Energy saving certificates . 111National Energy Efficiency Action Plan - 20144

Index of illustrationsFigure 1. Ranking of the countries in the European Union by final energy intensity in 2011(source : Odyssée) . 9Figure 2: Evolution of France’s final energy consumption between 1970 and 2012,adjusted for climatic differences, sector by sector (source : SOeS, 2012 energy balance) 10Figure 3. Final energy consumption in the residential and tertiary sectors adjusted forclimatic differences, expressed in Mtep, between 1970 and 2012 (source: SOeS, 2012energy balance) . 18Figure 4. Evolution of the final energy consumption of the transport sector between 1970and 2012 expressed in Mtep (source: SOeS, 2012 energy balance) . 36Figure 5. Final energy consumption per type of transport between 1990 and 2012expressed in Mtep (source: ADEME, energy and climate, key figures, 2013 edition basedon SOES data “ France’s 2012 energy balance & Transport Accounts ”) . 37Figure 6. Evolution of average CO2 emissions of new vehicles expressed in g CO2/kmbetween 2003 and 2013 (source: MEDDE) . 42Figure 7: The final energy consumption of the industry adjusted for climatic differences andexpressed in Mtep between 1970 and 2012 (source: SOeS, 2012 Energy Balance) . 51Figure 8. CO2 emissions of those sectors subject to the SCEQE sector between 2005 and2012 (source: Register of European Union transactions) . 53Figure 9. Value chain of energy and energy efficiency services (source: ADEME/CODASTRATEGIES 2013) . 73Figure 10. State of progress and analysis of the French market of energy efficiencyservices (Source: ADEME/CODA STRATEGIES - 2013) . 76Figure 11. Summary of the markets related to energy and energy efficiency services (inmillions of euros) (Source: ADEME/CODA STRATEGIES - 2013) . 76National Energy Efficiency Action Plan - 20145

National Energy Efficiency Action Plan - 20146

Index of tablesTable 1. France’s objectives under article 3 of the EED . 11Table 2. Sectorial distribution of energy consumption in 2020 (Mtep) (source: MEDDE) . 12Table 3. Distribution of sectorial energy savings achieved between 2007 and 2011(source: ADEME/Enerdata, the Odyssée-Mure project) . 16Table 4. Assessment of the energy savings generated by the main key measures (source:MEDDE). 17Table 5. The “Green industry” strategies of the green economy in terms of potential growthand use . 56Table 6. Annual energy savings generated by the ESC system (source: MEDDE) . 71Table 7- Economic growth forecasts