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French Grammar Basics and Beyond

Easy explanations in English of French Grammarwith more than 200 exercises, and solutions!This grammar book is for students of the A1 levels (total beginners)to B1 level (intermediate level).Click here to order this e-book at Special PriceOnly 24.50/ 21.90 / 18.99!Paperback and Kindle version also available – Details here

French Grammar Basics and Beyond ȱȱȱȱȱȱ ȱ2020ȱbyȱLearn French at uthors.ȱȱȱPublishedȱby:ȱLearn French at ȱ ȱVanȱLoanȱ ȱMartyȱVanȱLoanȱ2

French Grammar Basics and Beyond About Learn French at Home Learn French at Home,ȱ createdȱ inȱ 2004ȱ byȱ Célineȱ andȱ Vincentȱ Anthonioz, hasȱ helpedȱ thousandsȱ ȱ rica.ȱȱȱȱWhenȱ youȇreȱ readyȱtoȱ takeȱ yourȱ Frenchȱ learningȱ toȱanotherȱ level,ȱLearn French at Home canȱsetȱyouȱupȱ withȱ oneȬonȬoneȱ personalizedȱ Frenchȱ lessonsȱ withȱ aȱ professionalȱ andȱencouragingȱFrenchȱnativeȱteacher.ȱȱȱ Everyȱlessonȱ isȱ givenȱ onȱ SkypeȱorȱZoom.ȱ Whetherȱyouȱ needȱtoȱ learnȱtheȱlanguageȱtoȱ uentȱinȱaȱforeignȱlanguage.ȱȱȱ renchathome.comȱȱ ȱZoomȱisȱrightȱforȱyou,ȱscheduleȱaȱfree oneȬonȬone nchȬlessonsȱȱ eȱrightȱlessonȱformatȱforȱyou. Bienvenue à Learn French at Home ! Every teacher at Learn French at Home teaches French with passion and establishes a caring and friendly relationship with eachstudent. Learning from home in a relaxed atmosphere inevitablyleads to positive results. Having fun learning while experiencingreal progress is our main objective for each lesson.ȱȱȱÀ bientôt !Céline4

French Grammar Basics and Home5

French Grammar Basics and BeyondOTHER BOOKS OF LEARN FRENCH AT HOME—Say It with a French Accent. French Grammar in Context: 40 ęllȬin scenarios with audio. PaȬperback and eBook (pdf). 2020.—Learning French? How to Make it Happen. A selfȬhelp book that addresses the questions thatmost people who want to learn French feel the need to ask when they start. With a multitude oftips, tricks and tools. Paperback, Kindle and eBook (pdf). 2020.—Traveling in France: Essential Communication for the Smart Tourist. An easy guide of everyȬday French expressions and vocabulary indispensable for foreigners traveling in France. PaperȬback and eBook (pdf) with audio links. New edition 2020.—12 Short suspense Stories in French for French Learners: Le bruit des vagues (Nr. 1, 2017); Lepays de lȇamour (Nr. 2, 2018); Le trésor (Nr 3, 2019); Le chat qui parle (Nr 4, 2020). Glossaries,grammar tips, cultural notes, exercises with solutions and full audio for each story. Paperbackand eBooks (pdf) with audio links.—Learn French with Fun Activities. A Workbook for kids and teenagers, with songs, poems,exercises and games. For parents or French teachers who will guide the children through thesuggested means of studying. Paperback and eBook (pdf) with audio links. New edition 2020.—EnglishȬFrench Glossary of the United Nations, NGOs and International Relations. 12,000words and expressions about the new challenges of todayȇs world. Paperback and eBook ȬbooksAll these books are also available on Amazon:amazon.com/author/annickstevensonOur MagazineFrench Accent Magazine: The unique and FREE eȬmagazine (pdf) for French learners, with a cenȬtral theme, articles on topics such as politics, culture, grammar, etc. Scenarios and vocabularywith audio links are included as azine6

French Grammar Basics and BeyondBy learning a new language I discover mine,I analyse it more, I understand much beĴermy own grammar.ȱȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ ȱ nslatesȱȱherȱownȱworksȱintoȱEnglishȱȱȱ7

French Grammar Basics and BeyondTABLE OF CONTENTS FOREWORD 1. Bonjour ! Page 15 Page 17 Page 18 EXERCISE 2. Spelling and the alphabet EXERCISES 3. Être (to be) –Tu and vous –On and nous –Les naƟonalités (NaƟonaliƟes) –Quelques adjecƟfs (A few adjecƟves) –The more usual negaƟve construcƟon (ne. pas) EXERCISES –C'est vs Il est EXERCISES Page 19 Page 19 Page 20 Page 20 Page 21 Page 21 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 26 Page 28 4. L'heure et la fréquence (Expressions of Ɵme and frequency) EXERCISES Page 30 Page 32 5. Words gender and deĮnite/indeĮnite arƟcles: le, la, les, un, une, des EXERCICES 6. Avoir (to have) EXERCISES –Il y a EXERCISES –Être et avoir EXERCISES 9 Page 33 Page 36 Page 38 Page 39 Page 44 Page 44 Page 46 Page 46

French Grammar Basics and Beyond7. Les adjecƟfs possessifs (Possessive adjecƟves): mon, ma, mes, etc.EXERCISESPage 49Page 508. Les préposiƟons (PreposiƟons)–I. En–II. Pour, avec –III. PreposiƟons of place (dans, sur, etc.)EXERCISES–IV. "À" vs "de"PagePagePagePagePageLes arƟcles parƟƟfs (ParƟƟve arƟcles): de, du, de la, des, etc. 5152 525458EXERCISESPage 60Page 629. Aller (to go)Page 64 –Chez Page 64 EXERCISESPage 66 10. Faire (to do/to make)Page 68Page 71EXERCISES 11. Regular verbs ending in "er" in the present tenseEXERCISES12. Si vs OuiPage 74Page 76Page 79Page 80EXERCISES13. Les adjecƟfs (The adjecƟves)Page 81Page 84Page 85–Placement of the adjecƟvesEXERCISES14. Poser des quesƟons (InterrogaƟves) –EstͲce que, qu’estͲce que, que, quoi, quel Page 87EXERCISESPage 89AddiƟonal interrogaƟves–Qui, comment, pourquoi, quand, où, combien.EXERCISES15. Verbes pronominaux (ReŇexive verbs)Page 91Page 94Page 98Page 100EXERCISES10

French Grammar Basics and Beyond16. La négaƟon (The negaƟve forms)Page 102 Page 104 EXERCISES 17. Quelqu'un, quelque chose, etc. (Someone, something, etc.) EXERCISES 18. Regular verbs ending in "ir" in the present tenseEXERCISES 19. Regular verbs ending in "re" and "oir" in the present tenseEXERCISES 20. Pouvoir (can/be able to), vouloir (to want), devoir (to have to/must)EXERCISES 21. Falloir and devoir (to have to)Page 106Page 108 Page 109 Page 111 Page 113Page 115 Page 117 Page 118 Page 120Page 121 EXERCISES 22. Voir (to see), regarder (to look at/to watchͿEXERCISES 23. Entendre (to hear), écouter (to listen to) EXERCISES 24. SenƟr, ressenƟr (both verbs mean: to feel) EXERCISES 25. Penser, croire (to think and to believe)Page 122Page 123 Page 124Page 125 Page 126Page 127 Page 128Page 128 EXERCISE 26. Savoir vs connaître (both verbs mean: to know)EXERCISES 27. Le passé composé: The most usual past tenseEXERCISES 28. L’imparfait: The other widely used past tenseEXERCISES 11Page 129Page 131 Page 132 Page 136 Page 139Page 142

French Grammar Basics and Beyond29. Le passé composé vs l'imparfait EXERCISES Page 145 Page 145 30. Verbes de mouvement: Visiter, retourner, rentrer, sorƟr, venir, etc. (To visit, to go back, to come back, to go out, to come, etc.) EXERCISES Page 147 Page 150 31. Tu m'aimes ? Non, mais je t'aime bien ! (To love/to like) EXERCISES Page 152Page 154 32. Manquer/rater (to miss, to lack, to fail) EXERCISES Page 155 Page 157 33. The verb passer (To pass, to stop by, etc.) EXERCISES Page 159 Page 162 34. Les adverbes (The adverbs) –Placement of the adverbs EXERCISES 35. La comparaison (Making comparisons) EXERCISES –Le superlaƟf (the most/the least) EXERCISES Page 164 Page 165 Page 166 Page 167 Page 168 Page 170 Page 170 36. Être en train de, venir de, être sur le point de. (In the mist of doing something, etc.) EXERCISES 37. Les pronoms directs et indirects (Direct and indirect pronouns) Page 171 Page 172 Page 173 Page 175 EXERCISES 38. The pronouns "en" and "y " Page 177 EXERCISES Page 178 39. Les préposiƟons exprimant la durée (PreposiƟons of Ɵme) Depuis, ça fait, il y a, pendant, durant, pour, dans, en EXERCISES 12Page 179 Page 182

French Grammar Basics and Beyond40. An vs année, jour vs journée, etc. EXERCISES 41. Le futur (The future) EXERCISES Page 185 Page 187 Page 188 Page 190 42. L'impéraƟf (The imperaƟve tense) EXERCISES 43. Le condiƟonnel (The condiƟonal tense: would, should, could) EXERCISES 44. La politesse (A few polite forms) EXERCISES Page 192 Page 194 Page 196 Page 198 Page 200 Page 201 SOLUTIONS OF THE EXERCISES 13 Page 203

French Grammar Basics and rȱbookȱinȱEnglish?ȱȱȱȱWhileȱ writingȱ thisȱ Frenchȱ grammarȱ book,ȱ Iȱ putȱ myselfȱ inȱ ourȱ studentsȇȱ shoesȱ whoȱ neededȱ toȱgraspȱ theȱ complexitiesȱ ofȱ theȱ grammar.ȱ Manyȱ ofȱ themȱ cameȱ toȱ usȱ nervousȱ aboutȱ theȱ ideaȱ ofȱȱȱȱhavingȱ toȱ learnȱ it.ȱ Frenchȱ grammarȱ shouldȱ notȱ beȱ aȱ stumblingȱ blockȱ toȱ learningȱ theȱ ardȱexplanations.ȱȱȱȱ MostȱgrammarȱbooksȱareȱinȱFrench,ȱwhichȱ ereȬfore,ȱ Iȱ wantedȱ toȱ writeȱ anȱ aĴractiveȱ andȱ accessibleȱ grammarȱ referenceȱ inȱ Englishȱ forȱ ourȱ on.ȱȱȱ allyȱtoȱ reelyȱorȱtoȱtranslateȱsomeȱsentences.ȱȱȱ Thisȱ Frenchȱ basicȱ grammarȱ bookȱ isȱ intendedȱ forȱ beginnerȱ toȱ intermediateȱ learnersȱ eȱtheirȱunderstandingȱofȱ theȱ basicȱ elementsȱ ofȱ theȱ languageȱ asȱ wellȱ asȱ someȱ culturalȱ aspects.ȱ Stepȱ byȱ step,ȱ revisedȱedition.ȱȱCéline