Practical Applications #2EmbouchureBoot CampA Progressive Daily Routine for the SeriousInstrumentalistTrumpetChristopher Fogderud - PCSummer 2011

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetTABLE OF CONTENTSEnlistment Information 4Practice Guidelines for Enlistee and Parents 5Promotion Chart 6The Warm-UpBreathing 7Mouthpiece Buzzing 8Stretch Drills 10Technical ExercisesLip Slurs 11Single Tonguing 14Double Tonguing 16Technical Drills 19Major Scale Drills 23Minor Scale Drills 27Acknowledgments 312

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetWARNING!!YOU ARE ABOUT TO ENLIST IN A HIGHLY EFFECTIVE PROGRAM.IF YOU ARE NOT PREPARED FOR THE FOLLOWING SIDE EFFECTS,CLOSE THIS OPERATIONS MANUAL AT ONCE!SIDE EFFECTS OF USING THIS BOOK AS DIRECTED:1. A sudden belief that your band director has startedto pick easier music2. A sneaking suspicion that band rehearsal has gottenshorter because you haven’t even broken a sweatyet.3. A profound distortion of reality – what was oncefast music is now quite slow and easily played4. ―Buff-ness‖ is evident in the area of the lowerface.5. An increased sense of confidence accompanied by astrong desire to play more exciting and challengingmusic.6. In short - YOU WILL BECOME A BETTER PLAYER!3

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetENLISTMENT INFORMATIONTo the enlistee:Welcome to Embouchure Boot Camp, Private! By enlisting in Boot Camp, you have shownthat you are a serious musician who is looking to improve your playing. Before youbegin, the Drill Sergeant has some orders:General Orders No. 1-5Embouchure Boot Camp – Rules and Regulations1. The musical drills contained in this Bootpracticed DAILY. You will not find successexercises. They must be played every day withthe PROMOTION CHART on page 6. Boot Campinvolves commitment YOU MUST ENLIST!Camp Operations Manual must beby returning casually to thesePURPOSE. Plot your progress usingis not a casual experience; it2. None of the drills in Embouchure Boot Camp should be played for the sake of―getting through them.‖ True improvement will result when the drills are playedthoughtfully while taking each of the Drill Sergeant’s Orders (listed at thebeginning of each section of the manual) into careful consideration. The drillsmust not just be played, but played correctly.3. ALL drills that contain metronome markings MUST be played with a metronome.4. The exercises and drills in the Boot Camp Operations Manual do not consist ofan entire practice session. They are meant to give the player a consistent andthorough routine that is played every day before etudes, solos and literatureare practiced. The number of drills that are done each day will vary dependingon time constraints. A normal routine should take 30 minutes. If the privatehas only 10 minutes on a particular day, then 1 drill from every section of themanual should be played. At no time should 0 drills be considered – see GeneralOrder No. 1.5. A private lesson teacher is strongly encouraged to progress through thismanual. However, many situations arise and every effort has been made to givedetailed and concise instructions for every drill. If you read these carefullyand put them into practice, you should be able to put yourself through bootcamp.Your band is proud of the commitment and dedication that you have already shown byenlisting in Embouchure Boot Camp. You will need to continue to show these traits inorder to progress through Boot Camp. Who knows, if you work hard and follow the rulesand regulations listed above, you might graduate boot camp with the rank of CommandChief Master Sergeant. Only one question remains: Do you have what it takes?Sincerely,Drill SergeantEmbouchure Boot Camp4

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetPRACTICE GUIDELINESTo the enlistee:Consider these guidelines to help yourself stay on track for daily practice:Set a regular time to practice.Find a comfortable, well-lit, quiet place to practice, preferably the largestroom in the house to help with sound development.Practice standing up, not sitting.Use your metronome consistently.Practicing in short amounts daily is much more preferable than cramming.Developing instrumental technique is much like an exercise workout—teach yourmuscles by doing a little bit daily.Take frequent breaks if you are more advanced and practicing more than 45minutes per day. Sessions of playing longer than 45 minutes can cause muscularproblems such as tendonitis or carpal tunnel syndrome if one does not restfrequently.Don’t forget that the ultimate goal is not to produce the notes you see on thepage as you would type in words on a keyboard. The goal is to produce beautifulmusic. Never forget to listen to yourself and make music as you practice. Tryto mimic the sounds of your favorite players.To the Commanding Officers of the Household (i.e. Parents):Congratulations, your student has just enrolled in Embouchure Boot Camp! In order togive your student the best opportunity for success, please consider the followingguidelines to assist in the quality of their practice.Stay connected. Encourage your student to practice and reward his/her hard workwith recognition. Instruments are not quiet, so be sure to support yourstudent’s practice time even if you are reading or watching TV.Give your student a place to practice that is free of distractions, preferablyin the largest room in the house. This will help develop projection bypracticing filling up a large space with sound.Allow the student to leave the instrument out so it is easily accessible forpractice. The safest way to do this is to purchase an instrument stand. Yourenlistee will practice more often if the instrument is visible and handy.Help your student to stay on track by reminding him/her to practice in a waythat helps them to realize their goals. Use language like, ―I know it has beena busy day, but if you practice today, you will stay on track to achieve yourgoal of getting placed in the top band next year.‖5

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetPROMOTION CHARTEvery drill in this book is intended to be played every day as part of a daily practice routine.However, it is more than likely that this will be impossible for the Embouchure Boot Campenlistee to achieve immediately. Therefore, it is necessary to plot a course through the bookstarting with the rank of ―Private‖ and ending with the rank of ―Command Chief Master Sergeant.‖Each exercise in Embouchure Boot Camp is preceded by a military rank insignia. This denotes thedifficulty level of each exercise and helps the enlistee (you) chart your progress through bootcamp. The chart below lists what Embouchure Boot Camp exercises that need to be performed inorder to achieve the different military ranks. All ranks should drill each warm-up (Breathing,Mouthpiece Buzzing, Stretch Drills) every day.Good Luck on your journey from Private to Command Chief Master Sergeant!InsigniaRankLip sScaleExercisesALL TechSrgt Drillsat 90% ofTop SpeedALL TechSrgt Drillsat 90% ofTop SpeedALL TechSrgt Drillsat 90% ofTop SpeedALL TechSrgt Drillsat 90% ofTop SpeedALL TechSrgt Drillsat 90% ofTop SpeedALLExercisesPerformedat TopSpeedALLExercisesPerformedat TopSpeedALLExercisesPerformedat TopSpeedALLExercisesPerformedat TopSpeedALLExercisesPerformedat TopSpeedPrivatePrivate1st andChiefMasterSergeant6Date ofPromotion

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetBREATHINGBreathing is the MOST important aspect of brass playing and is the FIRST thing you shouldpractice every day. Great breathing will aid in fixing every playing problem. However, mostplayers never practice their breathing! This breathing drill helps to practice controlling thelarge amount of air needed to play. The most important part of this drill is to STAY RELAXED.This is especially important during the ―suspend‖ portion of the drill. Suspending the air is NOTholding your breath. Your throat should stay open during this entire drill. Suspend the air bysimply not breathing in or out while keeping your muscles totally relaxed. Sniff a small amountof air at the nose to be sure that you are suspending your air and NOT holding your breath.Drill Sergeant’s Orders:Do all five parts of the drill one after another to achieve maximum relaxed respiration.Finish the eight-count drill and go on immediately to the four-count and so on The first part of your body to expand during inhalation is your mid-section.During the eight and four-count inhalations, suck in the air at the lips as if you weresipping a milkshake through a straw, slow and steady.For the eight and four-count exhalations, put your embouchure into the playing positionwith the opening small enough to provide resistance. Blow steadily all the way to the end.For the one count inhalations, your mouth should look like you are eating a hot potato inorder to inhale quickly.Remember to breathe or exhale all the way to the end. Do not allow yourself to stop thebreathing motion during this exercise.SUSPEND your air; don’t hold your breath.Set your metronome to:InhaleSuspendExhaleFrequency8 counts8 counts8 counts (pp)Do this 2 times4 counts4 counts4 countsDo this 3 times1 count4 counts4 countsDo this 3 times1 count4 counts1 countDo this 4 times1 count(none)1 count (fff)Do this 7 timesSome players find it useful to pretend to pull back abow during inhalation (ready), remaining in the fullyextended position during the ―suspend‖ portion (aim),and watching the arrow fly through some far-awaytarget during exhalation (fire!).7

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetMOUTHPIECE BUZZINGYour first playing of the day should be done on the mouthpiece. The instrument itself just actsas an amplifier for the sound that you produce on the mouthpiece. Therefore, if you have a fullrich sound on the mouthpiece, you will have a full rich sound on the instrument. Mouthpieceexercises should be done at a full dynamic level. They are the perfect follow-up to thebreathing drill because you will not be able to achieve a full buzzing sound without greatbreath support, where you can at times get away with less than great breath support while payingthe instrument.Drill Sergeant’s Orders:Support your sound at ALL times!Use a piano help with the pitches in each exercise. Play the pitches on piano first, thenmimic with the mouthpiece. If you don’t have a piano handy, play a reference pitch on youinstrument first. (Don’t worry about the transposition)Play each drill at a forte dynamic level.Concentrate during the entire drill on achieving a full, even buzz on every note.In order to achieve a full buzz, keep a steady embouchure and anchor the mouthpiece onthe bottom lip. Use less pressure on your upper lip than on your lower lip. This allowsthe more pliable lip (upper) the freedom to buzz resulting in a bigger, more focusedsound.The glissandos are an essential part of this drill. Make them as slow and even as youcan. This way you practice bending pitches – a skill necessary to playing in tune in anensemble.8

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetYOU ARE WHAT YOU EATGreat improvement can be achieved by simplylistening to great trumpet players andtrying to mimic their sound.Listen to one of the greatest trumpetplayers of all time – Adolph ―Bud‖ Herseth.Bud was the principal trumpet of the ChicagoSymphony Orchestra from 1948-2001: 53 YEARS!In the recording on the right, Bud Hersethperforms the famous trumpet part toMussorgsky’s ―Pictures at an Exhibition.‖CHECK IT OUT!!Adolph “Bud” Herseth9

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetSTRETCH DRILLSThe first notes you play on the instrument should be very relaxing. After your embouchure iswarmed-up after the mouthpiece buzzing drills, your lips are ready to produce the first tonesof the day. The first notes should start in the comfortable middle range and gradually stretchto the outer registers of the instrument, much like an athlete preparing for a big game.Musicians are, after all, athletes of the small muscles.Drill Sergeant’s Orders:Support your sound at ALL times!Play all stretch drills at a comfortable mezzo forte dynamic.Concentrate on keeping a full sound in all ranges. These drills are meant to be playedin free time. If a note does not feel comfortable, hold it until it does. The secondexercise in particular should be played freely. Hold the top and bottom note of eachphrase until your embouchure feels comfortable.10

Embouchure Boot Camp - TrumpetLIP SLURSLip slurs are one of the most essential drills in Embouchure Boot Camp. These drills arebasically weight lifting for your embouchure; however, care must be taken to use thecorrect muscles while lifting the weight (slurring to the higher note).Drill Sergeant’s Orders:Support your sound at ALL times!Drills must be played with a metronome, making every effort to change pitchesprecisely on time.All notes must be slurred – NO TONGUINGUse the first fermata note to ―set‖ the embouchure for the highest note in theslur. (Set the mouthpiece on the bottom lip first) Effort needs to be made to keepthe embouchure at this firmness. The lower note is achieved not by loosening theembouchure, but by thinking ―oh‖ inside the mouth. In order to play the highernote, think ―ee‖ inside the mouth. With a consistently firm embouchure, the patternof ―ee-oh-ee-oh‖ creates the lip slur.If soreness is felt