SHIVAUltimate OutlawSadhguru

Breaking the laws of physicalnature is spiritual process.In this sense, we are outlaws, and Shiva is the ultimate outlaw.You cannot worship Shiva, but you may join the Gang.- Sadhguru

Shiva – Ultimate OutlawSadhguru 2014 SadhguruFirst Edition: February 2014All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced in any formwithout the written permission of the publisher, except in the case ofbrief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews.Cover design, typesetting, book layout and compilation done by theArchives of Isha Yoga Center. All photographs used in this book are thecopyrighted property of Isha Foundation, unless otherwise noted.Published by: Isha Foundation15, Govindasamy Naidu Layout,Singanallur, Coimbatore - 641 005INDIAPhone: 91-422-2515345Email: inf[email protected]

Table of Contents Who is Shiva? 3 Dawn of Yoga 7The Presence of Shiva 10 Kailash – Mystic Mountain 15 Velliangiri – Kailash of the South 16 Kashi – Eternal City 21 Kantisarovar – Lake of Grace 26Shiva’s Adornments 32 Third Eye 34 Nandi 35 Trishul 37 Moon 38 Serpent 40Ultimate Outlaw 42

Shiva – Ultimate Outlaw1There is a beautiful incident that happened when Shiva andParvati were to be married. Theirs was to be the greatestmarriage ever. Shiva – the most intense human being that anyonecould think of – was taking another being as a part of his life. Everyonewho was someone and everyone who was no one turned up.All of the devas and divine beings were present, but so were all theasuras or demons. Usually, if the devas came, the asuras would refuseto come, and vice versa. They just could not get along with eachother. But since it was Shiva’s wedding, they decided to put asidetheir differences and sit together this one time. And because Shiva isPashupati, the Lord of all creatures, all the animals, worms, insectsand every other living creature showed up for the wedding. Even thegoblins, ghosts and demented beings arrived as guests.As it was a royal wedding – the wedding of a princess – it was precededby an important ceremony: the bride and groom would each havetheir ancestral lineage announced. For a king, his lineage is the mostimportant thing, the pride of his life. So with great pomp, Parvati’slineage was announced. This went on for quite a while, and whenthey finally finished recounting all the details, they turned towardswhere the groom, Shiva, was sitting.All the guests waited for someone to rise and speak about the glory

Shiva – Ultimate Outlaw2of Shiva’s lineage, but no one said a word. The family of the bridewondered, “Isn’t there someone in his clan who can stand up andtalk about the greatness of his lineage?” But there was no one. Noparents, relatives or family of the groom had arrived because he hadnone. He had just come with his companions, the ganas, who lookedlike distorted beings. They could not even speak human language andmade a strange cacophony of noises. They all seemed to be drunk andin all kinds of different states.Parvati’s father, Parvat Raj, then requested Shiva, “Please tell us yourantecedents.”Shiva just sat there silently, with a faraway look, neither looking atthe bride nor excited about the wedding. He simply sat surroundedby his ganas, staring into nothingness. Repeatedly they asked him,because nobody would give their daughter in marriage to a manwithout knowing his ancestry. And they were in a great hurry becausethe auspicious time set for the wedding was quickly passing. But Shivaremained silent.People of the society, the highborn kings and priests, looked at Shiva ingreat disdain and the gossip mill began to churn: “What is his lineage?Why is he not speaking up? Maybe he comes from some shameful,low-caste background.”Then, sage Narada, who was present in the assembly, saw the turnthat events were taking, picked up his veena and started plucking ata single string of the instrument. He kept playing the same note –“toing, toing, toing.” Irritated by this, Parvati’s father, Parvat Raj, losthis temper: “What is this nonsense? We want to hear the lineage of thegroom, but he just ignores us. Am I supposed to marry my daughter toa man like this? And why are you making that annoying noise? Is thatsupposed to be an answer?”Narada replied, “This one does not have parents.”The King asked, “Do you mean to say he does not know who hisparents are?”

Shiva – Ultimate Outlaw3“No. This one has no parentage. This one has no heritage. This one hasno gotra. This one has nothing. All he has is himself.”The assembly was confused. Parvat Raj said, “We know people whodon’t know who their father or mother is. Such unfortunate situationscan happen. But everyone is born of someone. How can he not havea father or mother?”Narada replied, “Because he is swayambhu, the self-created. He hasneither father nor mother. He has neither lineage nor parentage. Hebelongs to no tradition and does not have a kingdom to back him. Hehas neither gotra nor nakshatra, and no lucky star watches over him.He is beyond all that. He is a yogi who has embraced the existenceas a part of himself. For him, thereis only one lineage – sound. Theprimordial, non-existent nature,when it began to find existence, thefirst thing that came into existencewas sound. His first manifestationis in the form of a single sound.Before that he was nothing. That iswhy I am plucking the string.”Shiva is described asa non-being, not asa being. Shiva is notdescribed as light, butas darkness.Who is Shiva?When we say “Shiva,” there are two fundamental aspects that weare referring to. The word “Shiva” literally means “that which is not.”Today, modern science is proving to us that everything comes fromnothing and goes back to nothing. The basis of existence and thefundamental quality of the cosmos is vast nothingness. The galaxies arejust a small happening – a sprinkling. The rest is all vast empty space,which is referred to as Shiva. That is the womb from which everythingis born, and that is the oblivion into which everything is sucked back.Everything comes from Shiva and goes back to Shiva.So Shiva is described as a non-being, not as a being. Shiva is not

Shiva – Ultimate Outlaw4described as light, but as darkness. Humanity has gone about eulogizinglight only because of the nature of the visual apparatus that they carry.Otherwise, the only thing that is always, is darkness. Light is a limitedhappening in the sense that any source of light – whether a light bulbor the sun – will eventually lose its ability to give out light. Light isnot eternal. It is always a limited possibility because it happens and itends. Darkness is a much bigger possibility than light. Nothing needsto burn, it is always – it is eternal. Darkness is everywhere. It is the onlything that is all pervading.But if I say “divine darkness,” people think I am a devil worshiper orsomething. In fact, in some places in the West it is being propagatedthat Shiva is a demon. But if you look at it as a concept, there isn’ta more intelligent concept on the planet about the whole process ofcreation and how it has happened. I have been talking about this inscientific terms without using the word “Shiva” to scientists around theworld, and they are amazed, “Is this so? This was known? When?” Wehave known this for thousands of years. Almost every peasant in Indiaknows about it unconsciously. He talks about it without even knowingthe science behind it.On another level, when we say “Shiva,” we are referring to a certainyogi, the Adiyogi or the first yogi, and also the Adi Guru, the first Guru,who is the basis of what we know as the yogic science today. Yoga doesnot mean standing on your head or holding your breath. Yoga is thescience and technology to know the essential nature of how this life iscreated and how it can be taken to its ultimate possibility.“Shiva” refers to both of these because in many ways they aresynonymous. This being, who is a yogi, and that non-being, whichis the basis of the existence, are the same, because to call someonea yogi means he has experienced the existence as himself. If youhave to contain the existence within you even for a moment as anexperience, you have to be that nothingness. Only nothingness canhold everything. Something can never hold everything. A vessel cannothold an ocean. This planet can hold an ocean, but it cannot hold thesolar system. The solar system can hold these few planets and the sun,

Shiva – Ultimate Outlaw5but it cannot hold the rest of the galaxy. If you go progressively like this,ultimately you will see it is only nothingness that can hold everything.The word “yoga” means “union.” A yogi is one who has experiencedthe union. That means, at least for one moment, he has been absolutenothingness.When we talk about Shiva as “that which is not,” and Shiva as a yogi, ina way they are synonymous, yet they are two different aspects. BecauseIndia is a dialectical culture, we shift from this to that and that to thiseffortlessly. One moment we talk about Shiva as the ultimate, thenext moment we talk about Shiva as the man who gave us this wholeprocess of yoga.Unfortunately, most people today have been introduced to Shiva onlythrough Indian calendar art. They have made him a chubby-cheeked,blue-colored man because the calendar artist has only one face. If youask for Krishna, he will put a flute in his hand. If you ask for Rama, hewill put a bow in his hand. If you ask for Shiva, he will put a moon onhis head, and that’s it!Every time I see these calendars, I always decide to never ever sit infront of a painter. Photographs are all right – they capture you whicheverway you are. If you look like a devil, you look like a devil. Why woulda yogi like Shiva look chubby-cheeked? If you showed him skinny itwould be okay, but a chubby-cheek Shiva – how is that?In the yogic culture, Shiva is not seen as a God. He was a beingwho walked this land and lived in the Himalayan region. As the verysource of the yogic traditions, his contribution in the making of humanconsciousness is too phenomenal to be ignored. This predates allreligion. Before people devised divisive ways of fracturing humanity toa point where it seems almost impossible to fix, the most powerful toolsnecessary to raise human consciousness were realized and propagated.Every possible way in which you could approach and transform thehuman mechanism into an ultimate possibility was explored thousandsyears ago.The sophistication of it is unbelievable. The question of whether people

Shiva – Ultimate Outlaw6In the yogic lore, Shiva is not seen as a god, but as the Adiyogi,the first yogi, and the Adi Guru, the first Guru.were so sophisticated at that time is irrelevant because this did notcome from a certain civilization or thought process. This came froman inner realization. This had nothing to do with what was happeningaround him. It was just an outpouring of himself. In great detail, hegave a meaning and a possibility of what you could do with every pointin the human mechanism. You cannot change a single thing even todaybecause he said everything that could be said in such beautiful andintelligent ways. You can only spend your lifetime trying to decipherit. This transmission of the yogic sciences happened on the banksof Kantisarovar, a glacial lake a few miles beyond Kedarnath in theHimalayas.

Shiva – Ultimate Outlaw7Dawn of YogaOver 15,000 years ago, Adiyogi appeared in the upper regions of theHimalayas. No one knew where he came from or what his originswere. He just came and went into intense ecstatic dance upon themountains. When his ecstasy allowed him some movement, hedanced wildly. When it became beyond movement, he became utterlystill. People saw that he was experiencing something that nobody hadknown before, something that they were unable to fathom. So theygathered around him wanting to know what it was. But no one had thecourage to go near him because he was so intense, like a blazing flameof fire. So they waited, hoping something would happen.Nothing happened.He did not even seem to know that they existed. He was either inintense dance or absolute stillness, paying no attention to what washappening around him. So people came, waited a few months, and leftbecause the man was oblivious to the presence of others.Only seven hardcore seekers stuck on. These seven were insistent thatthey must learn from him, but Shiva ignored them. They pleaded andbegged him, “Please, we want to know what you know.”Shiva dismissed them, “You fools, the way you are, you are not goingto know in a million years. You need to prepare. A tremendous amountof preparation is needed for this. This is not entertainment.”But they hung on. Seeing their perseverance, he said, “I will give you apreparatory step. Do this for some time. After that, we’ll see.”So they started preparing. Days rolled into weeks, weeks into months,and months into years; still, he ignored them. Then, one day, aftereighty-four years of sadhana, when the sun’s run with relation to thisplanet was shifting from the northern run to the southern run – knownin this tradition as Uttarayana and Dakshinayana – Adiyogi happenedto look at these seven people and saw that they had become shiningreceptacles of knowing. After eighty-four years of intense, involvedsadhana, they had built their systems to such power and capability

Shiva – Ultimate Outlaw8that they were absolutely ripe to receive. He could not ignore themanymore.He watched them closely for the next twenty-eight days, and when thenext full moon rose, he decided to become a Guru. That full moon dayis known as Guru Pournami because the Adiyogi transformed himselfinto the Adi Guru – the first Guru was born on that day. He took the sevendisciples to Kantisarovar and started a systematic exposition of yogain a scientific manner. He began propounding the whole mechanicsof life to these seven people, not intellectually as a philosophy, butexperientially. He exploredevery nu