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MAMMA MIA!ENRICHMENT GUIDEMusic and Lyrics by BENNY ANDERSSONAnd BJÖRN ULVAEUSSome songs with STIG ANDERSONBook by CATHERINE JOHNSONDirected by ASHLIE CORCORANSet and Costume Design by CORY SINCENNESLighting Design by KIMBERLEY PURTELLSound Design by PETER McBOYLEPlay Guides sponsored by

MAMMA MIA!TABLE OF CONTENTSTHEATRE ETIQUETTE3WHO’S INVOLVED4-5CHARACTERS6ABOUT THE CREATORS7-11ABOUT THE PRODUCTION12SCRIPT REFERENCES13-16SYNOPSIS17-18THEMES19PRODUCTION ELEMENTS20DISCUSSION QUESTIONS21FURTHER READING/REFERENCES22CURRICULUM ALIGNMENT23-242

MAMMA MIA!THEATRE ETIQUETTEGoing to the theatre is an engaging and interactive experience. We want you to be an active participant when yousee our shows; laugh when it’s funny, cry when it’s sad, gasp when it’s shocking, and enjoy the experience as muchas possible. But we want you to do this in the most respectful way possible, for both the performers and yourfellow audience members.To ensure the most positive experience, please review the following information prior to arriving at the theatre.The following items are not allowed in the theatre: Food and drink (except that which is sold during intermission and/or permitted by the Citadel Theatre, such asbottled water and ice cream). Cameras and other recording devices (please note that taking photographs or other recordings in the theatre isstrictly prohibited by law).Basic courtesy: Turn OFF and put away all electronic devices such as cell phones, iPods, video game systems, etc. prior toentering the theatre. Do not place your feet on the seat in front of you. The actors onstage can see and hear the audience during the performance – it is important that audience membersnot talk, move around, or fidget during the performance, as this can be distracting for the actors, as well as fellowaudience members. There is no dress code at the Citadel Theatre, but we respectfully request that patrons refrain from wearing hatsin the theatre. For the safety of those with allergies, please refrain from using perfumes or scented products before coming tothe theatre. Please do not place backpacks or other bags in the aisle in front of your feet, as this may impair the ability ofpersons to exit the row in an emergency.Inappropriate behaviour:Citadel Theatre representatives watch carefully during performances for inappropriate behaviour, especiallybehaviour that could endanger an actor or audience member. Inappropriate behaviour includes, but is not limitedto: Talking in the audience The use of laser pointers or other light or sound-emitting devices Interfering with an actor or the performance (tripping, throwing items on or near the stage, etc.)Audience members identified as engaging in this type of behaviour will be removed from the theatre during theperformance or at intermission.3

MAMMA MIA!CASTCAST:CHRISTY ADAMSONTHOMAS ALDERSONTESS BENGERJENNI BURKEKARINA COXMICHAEL COXJULIO FUENTESJJ GERBERTARA JACKSONALEX KELLYCORBEN KUSHNERYKTRUDY LEE GAYLEMELANIE PLATOCHAALISON ROBERTSROBBIE TOWNSJOHN ULLYATTASHLEY WRIGHTLEON WILLEYSYNTHIA YUSEFPATRICIA ZENTILLISeason SamBillHarryEnsembleDonnaA-Level Seats SponsorProduction Sponsors4

MAMMA MIA!CREATIVE TEAMCREATIVE TEAMDirectorSet & Costume DesignerLighting DesignerSound DesignerMusic DirectorChoreographerAssistant DirectorStage ManagerAssistant Stage ManagerAssistant Stage ManagerASHLIE CORCORANCORY SINCENNESKIMBERLY PURTELLPETER McBOYLEDON HORSBURGHLAURA KREWSKIBRENLEY CHARKOWMICHELLE CHANKERRY JOHNSONSANG-SANG LEEMedia Sponsors5

MAMMA MIA!CHARACTERSCHARACTERS (in order of speaking)Sophie Sheridan: Donna’s headstrong 20-year-old daughter, Sophie, is determined to have whather mother never had: a traditional family.Ali: One of Sophie’s close friends, she has come for Sophie’s wedding.Lisa: Another one of Sophie’s close friends, she has come for the wedding.Donna Sheridan: Sophie’s fiercely independent and hard-working mother, Donna, is the owner of ataverna (a small restaurant) on a beautiful Greek island. She is the former lead singer of Donna andthe Dynamos.Tanya: One of Donna’s oldest and best friends, Tanya has married several millionaires, but hasnever found the right man. Wild and sensual, she catches Pepper’s eye.Rosie: Another of Donna’s old friends, Rosie is an author of cookbooks.Sky: Sophie’s fiancé is a former stockbroker who got tired of the cutthroat world of Wall Street.Pepper: One of Donna’s employees, Pepper, is a member of the bar-staff, a waiter, a boatman andprovides general help around the Taverna. He is relaxed and good-natured.Eddie: Another one of Donna’s employees, Eddie, is a member of the bar-staff, a waiter, aboatman and provides general help around the Taverna. He is relaxed and good-natured.Harry Bright: Although he was known as the wild “Head Banger” when he first knew Donna, todayHarry is a respected banker.Bill Austin: A well-known travel writer, Bill has visited the far reaches of the earth, but is afraid ofmaking a commitment.Sam Carmichael: An architect, Sam has regretted leaving Donna all his life.Father Alexandrios: The minister of the island.6

MAMMA MIA!ABOUT THE CREATORSBenny Andersson is a musician who played keyboard for 1970s popsuper-group ABBA.ABBA really took off with their third album, anchored by the popularsong Mamma Mia, which placed ABBA atop the U.K. chart, a spot itwould hold nine times between 1974 and 1980. Its two greatest hitscollections were hugely successful, while singles such as DancingQueen and Take a Chance on Me sparked a wave of popularity forthe band in the United States.EARLY LIFEHe was born Göran Bror Benny Andersson on December 16, 1946, inStockholm, Sweden, to a musical family. Andersson's father andgrandfather both loved to play music and, at the age of six, the futureABBA star was introduced to the accordion. Like he would with almostevery other instrument he'd pick up later in life, Andersson took to itwithout much effort.Following his time in high school, Andersson signed on as thekeyboardist for The Hep Stars, a successful pop band in the 1960s thatwas affectionately known as “The Swedish Beatles.” While touring,Andersson met Björn Ulvaeus, a songwriter and member of the folkband, The Hootenanny Singers. ABBA's foundation was slowly beinglaid. Not only did Andersson and Ulvaeus quickly become friends, butUlvaeus' group had signed with the recording label Polar Music, whoseowner, Stig Anderson, would eventually become ABBA's manager.Following the demise of The Hep Stars in the late 1960s, Anderssonand Ulvaeus put out their own LP. The record, however, only soldmoderately well.FOUNDING ABBAIn 1969, Anderson and Ulvaeus met two other musicians, Anna-Frid “Frida” Lyngstad and AgnethaFältskog. The two couples (Ulvaeus and Agnetha married in 1971; Andersson and Frida exchanged vowsin 1978) soon began playing together. At first, the collaboration took the shape of working on oneanother's respective recordings. Finally, the four came together as a single group known as Festfolket.But success was not easily found. It was only in 1972, after the group had reorganized under a newname, Björn & Benny, Agnetha & Anni-Frid, that the four made a name for themselves with themoderately popular single, People Need Love.The group's harmonies, and catchy musical structures in particular, were a big draw for audiences. In1973, the band maintained its momentum with another hit single, Ring Ring. The song took third placein the highly influential Eurovision Song Contest, and received airtime on radio stations around Europe.(Continued on the next page)7

MAMMA MIA!ABOUT THE CREATORS Cont .A year later, the band, working under the new name of ABBA, anacronym of their first names, was rewarded with top honours atthe Eurovision Song Contest for the single Waterloo. The songshot up the charts around Europe, and their debut album of thesame name proved to be popular, as well.But it wasn't until their self-titled third record that ABBA trulytook off. The album was anchored by the wildly popular singleMamma Mia, which placed ABBA atop the U.K. charts. In all, thegroup owned the pop charts in U.K. and Australia for much of the 1970s. Its two greatest hitscollections, both issued in 1976, were hugely successful, while singles such as Dancing Queen andTake a Chance on Me sparked a wave of popularity for the band in the United States.Over the course of its run, the band achieved unrivaled success. Between 1975 and 1982, ABBAreleased 17 consecutive singles that occupied a spot in the U.K. Top Five. From 1975 to 1980, thegroup sat atop the U.K. album charts for 35 weeks, the only band ever to do so. Overall, ABBA wouldgo on to sell more than 350 million records, with a good portion of the success attributed toAndersson, who, with Ulvaeus, wrote and produced all of the group's work.THE BREAK-UPSWith the onset of the 1980s, however, cracks in ABBA's foundation began to show. In 1979, Ulvaeusand Agnetha divorced; two years later, Andersson and Frida followed suit, ruining the group's imageof two happy couples making music together. There was interest, too, from Andersson and Ulvaeusin creating projects outside of ABBA. Finally, in 1982, the group took what its members called atemporary break.In the years since, ABBA has still not reformed, despite heavy interest from fans. For a time, therewere even reports the group had been offered 1 billion to reunite. Andersson, for one, dismissedthe rumour and also squashed any hopes ABBA fans might have of seeing the band take the stage onemore time.“We all feel the same,” he told Rolling Stone in 2010, after it was announced that the group wouldbe inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. “It's been too long. It's been almost 30 years. Thereis no reason. I can't understand the bands that reunite, because there will always be a reason,whether it be economic reasons or the fun of it . being on the stage again. We don't have that.”That's not to suggest Andersson hasn't been making music. Since ABBA's end, he's had his hand in anumber of different projects, a portion of it harkening back to his early interest in Swedish folkmusic. Occasionally Andersson, now a grandfather of five and the proud recipient of an honourarydoctorate from the University of Stockholm, has worked with his old friend, Björn Ulvaeus. A goodportion of Andersson's post-ABBA work, however, has revolved around his group, The BennyAndersson Band, which released its most recent album, Story of a Heart, in 2009.Source: 168238#synopsis8

MAMMA MIA!ABOUT THE CREATORS Cont .Björn Ulvaeus is best known as one of four members of 1970s Swedish popsensation ABBA. Born in Gothenberg, Sweden, Björn Ulvaeus first gainedrecognition in the 1960s in Sweden as part of pop group the HootenannySingers. After Ulvaeus met fellow musician Benny Andersson, the two teamedup with vocalists Agnetha Fältskog and Anni-Frid Lyngstad to form ABBA. Thegroup became a major international hit with songs like Dancing Queen,Fernando, and Money, Money, Money. ABBA's music remains popular aroundthe world today.EARLY MUSIC CAREERBjörn Ulvaeus was born on April 25, 1945, in Gothenburg, a city on the west coast of Sweden. His familymoved to the small eastern town of Vastervik in 1951, and it was there that Ulvaeus spent the rest ofchildhood. His parents, Aina and Gunnar Ulvaeus, were both passionate music lovers, and they boughtUlvaeus his first guitar for his 11th birthday. Under the tutelage of an older cousin, Jon Ulfsater, a folkand jazz guitarist, Ulvaeus showed rare talent and promise. As a teenager, he became enamoured withrock 'n' roll and skiffle music (a music genre with jazz, blues, folk and American folk influences, usuallyusing homemade or improvised instruments).Ulvaeus was also a gifted student, attending Lund University to study business law. At Lund, hebefriended three other aspiring musicians — Tony Rooth, Hansi Schwarz and Johan Karlberg — and, atthe encouragement at one of the school's music teachers, formed a group named the West Bay Singers.Playing a mix of folk and Dixieland jazz, the West Bay Singers competed in amateur singingcompetitions, soon developing a strong local following in the Vastervik area. In 1963, the foursome tooka hiatus from school, borrowed an old Volvo and set out to tour across Europe. While the tour did notachieve staggering success, the band's gigs earned enough money to cover food, gas and hotel lodging,and, by all accounts, the group had the time of their lives.Returning to Sweden later that year, they learned that Ulvaeus' mother had entered them in a nationaltalent show whose Swedish name translates to Place on the Stage. “I wanted to cancel our appearancestraight away,” Ulvaeus recalled, “because I thought that we weren't ready. And then finally, aftersome thought, I told myself that maybe we had a chance.” The West Bay Singers reached the contestfinals in Norrkoping, and although they did not place, they attracted the attention of music producerStig Andersson, who signed them to a recording contract. He recalled, “I must confess that when I sawBjörn singing and playing, I had a feeling that he had enormous potential. They were a good group, ofcourse, but Björn stood out from the others.”Changing the band's name to the Hootenanny Singers and deciding to sing mostly in Swedish, which wasvery uncommon for Swedish commercial pop music at that time, the group released a debut single inearly 1964. It skyrocketed to the top of the Swedish pop charts. They released their first album, whichcontained six Swedish and six English songs, later that year. Meanwhile Ulvaeus, who had kept up hisstudies while touring and recording, passed his exams to graduate from Lund University. For the nexttwo years, from 1964 to 1966, the Hootenanny Singers remained one of Sweden's most popular popgroup